This is an excellent article on Tax Deductions for children with Dyslexia, Learning Disabilities, ADHD and other related challenges
It is important to get a doctors note referring your child for these services.
One critical option not mentioned is the HSA for Special Education or Health Savings Account for Special Education. Not every parent has one, but self-employed people can set one up and many companies offer an HSA or Health Savings Account
Here is what the IRS shared as of February 22nd, 2013, for Health Savings Accounts for Special Education 0r HSA for Special Education. Go to the Special Education section – remember things change
You can include in medical expenses fees you pay on a doctor’s recommendation for a child’s tutoring by a teacher who is specially trained and qualified to work with children who have learning disabilities caused by mental or physical impairments, including nervous system disorders.
You can include in medical expenses the cost (tuition, meals, and lodging) of attending a school that furnishes special education to help a child to overcome learning disabilities. A doctor must recommend that the child attend the school. Overcoming the learning disabilities must be a principal reason for attending the school, and any ordinary education received must be incidental to the special education provided. Special education includes:
Teaching Braille to a visually impaired person,
Teaching lip reading to a hearing disabled person, or
Giving remedial language training to correct a condition caused by a birth defect.
You cannot include in medical expenses the cost of sending a problem child to a school where the course of study and the disciplinary methods have a beneficial effect on the child’s attitude if the availability of medical care in the school is not a principal reason for sending the student there.